Information on treatment and surgeryTemporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) Treatment
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint where the condylar of the lower jaw and the skull meets, between ligament and muscle. The TMJ is a complex joint that allows movement in various directions and important in movements such as chewing and talking.
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) refers to the pain at the jaw joint at movement. This inflammation at the joint or pain can occur due to a combination of factors such as dislocation or stiffness, but usually occurs due to over-use, injuries, malocclusion and stress.
A self-remedy to relieve the pain would be to relax the surrounding muscles by applying a warm towel, eating soft food and consciously not opening the mouth too wide. If pain persists, it is advised to see a doctor to receive treatment.
The first step to treating TMD is a conservative physical therapy accompanied by medical treatment. Complex cases can be treated using devices (splint), injection in the joint, arthrocentesis, orthodontics and/or surgery.
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD):
- Clicking of the joint
- Pain at the joint or its surrounding portions
- Limited jaw movement
- Locked jaw
- Repeated dislocation
- Tensional headache
- Shoulder pain
Temporomandibular disorder treatment practices
Zeah Doctor’s GuideDr. Young Ho Kang (Chairman)
Early prevention and treatment is key to restoration of temporomandibular joints and tissues.
It is important to protect the joint from further damage caused by shock. Joints and the muscles have a close functional connection. It is evident in cases where the joint disorder is accompanied by problems of the surrounding muscles, ligaments and cartilage. A temporomandibular joint disorder can impact body balance and health of the central nervous system/cerebrospinal system. Therefore, if symptoms and discomfort persists, it is advised to seek professional advice and active treatment.
Preventing Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD):
Stress management and a healthy balanced lifestyle is important in preventing TMD
- Relieve stress and perform joint relaxation exercises
- Correct bad posture and habits that may affect the temporomandibular joint
- Refrain from consuming too much caffeine and food with salt
- Refrain from eating solid and chewy food (i.e. chewing gum, dried squid)
- Refrain from abruptly opening the mouth widely or engaging in excessive joint movement
- Get enough sleep
- Refrain from drinking alcohol before bed